Life Lessons from the Kimono Closet
by Anna Jamieson | LIFESTYLE
An integral part of Japanese history and tradition, it’s easy to forget that kimonos have a place in contemporary Japan too. Increasingly, researchers and artists are drawn to the kimono’s rich history, as well as its new, modern meanings for Japanese women today.
One brilliant initiative to help us learn more about the kimono, is The Kimono Closet. Founded by Sheila Cliffe, author of The Social Life of Kimono, the project focuses on the real stories of Japanese women and the kimono they wear, fuelled by Sheila’s burning curiosity to learn more about the place of the kimono in Japanese culture.
We spoke to Sheila to find out more about why kimonos make her tick. Read on for some fascinating insights into the reality of the kimono.
Japan Objects: Sheila, can you tell us a little more about how this project first came about?
Sheila Cliffe: I wrote a PhD thesis on the relationship between fashion, tradition and kimonos, and then a book called The Social Life of Kimono. In the book I discuss the work of a Japanese anthropologist called Kon Wajiro, who realised that while everyone was busy collecting data on ‘primitive’ societies, no one had collected similar data about Japan. So Kon started to use the same techniques to examine and document daily Japanese life, including a lot of research on clothing. Thanks to his work, we can know about the clothing practices of Japanese people in the early to mid twentieth century.
Now the only data that is available about contemporary kimono are sales figures, so I thought it would be interesting to reveal real wardrobes, real women, and their kimono stories. If this is done with women of different age groups, we can find out how life with kimono is changing over time.
The name of the project, Tansu Biraki, or the Kimono Closet, was a practice in many rural and some urban areas of Japan, in some places until quite recently. When a woman married and moved to her husband’s village or town, her kimono were publicly displayed and her status in the new community was evaluated by the kimono in her closet. Our project is much more supportive and designed to be a positive and not a scary experience.
JO: What is it that interests you most about the kimono?
SC: How long do you have?! The design of the garment from one long role of cloth, the fact that it can bind people together over 3 generations, the fact that it doesn’t go out of style because in itself it is not a finished garment. It makes me feel like a present. It is also my habitat and my teacher. I learn so much about Japan and its history through my study of the kimono.
JO: What do you think the kimono symbolizes for modern Japanese women?
SC: That depends on the age of the women. For older women it is material for connecting them with their families and ancestors. For most older women I have interviewed, they did not choose most of their kimono. They were given by parents, grandmothers or aunts.
Many middle-aged women have a negative view of kimono. They were supposed to wear it and in a restrictive way, to be proper women. They experience it as something uncomfortable that was forced on them, and they ran. For younger women who like kimono, it is mostly fashion. It offers an alternative to the anonymous and plain jeans and T shirts. Pattern is a big part of kimono style. Girls who like pattern and lots of colour, enjoy kimono as alternative fashion.
JO: How do you find the women who share the stories of their kimono?
SC: This is very difficult, and it is especially difficult to find older people, who feel embarrassed. It is a very personal thing to examine someone’s wardrobe, and it often involves hearing family history. My assistant has worked in the kimono-selling business and so she has a lot of contacts which we have used. I have also recruited from friends on Facebook, people at kimono related events, and even from a woman who came up to talk to me in the supermarket, because she saw me on television.
JO: Have you any future plans for the project?
SC: The plan is to interview 50 women, and we are halfway through. After gathering all the data, it will be analysed and the age groups will be compared. Any significant changes will indicate a change of role for the kimono in women’s lives. I think this is significant and important information for the kimono industry to know, as well as for people who are interested in preserving and keeping alive Japanese culture.
I plan to do a research presentation on the results, and if possible, I would like to turn the project into a book. Each person would be able to discuss their kimono closet and have their photographs, shown. That is my dream and if it actually happens, I would love to throw a big party and invite the 50 women participants to join it. I think that would be totally amazing!
If you would like to find out more about the project, head over to kimonocloset.com.
Do have any kimono in your closet? Let us know in the comments below!
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